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LTC1434C 数据表(PDF) 9 Page - Linear Technology

部件名 LTC1434C
功能描述  450mA, Low Noise Current Mode Step-Down DC/DC Converters
Download  20 Pages
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制造商  LINER [Linear Technology]
网页  http://www.linear.com
标志 LINER - Linear Technology

LTC1434C 数据表(HTML) 9 Page - Linear Technology

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LTC1433/LTC1434
Ferrite designs have very low core loss and are preferred
at high switching frequencies, so design goals can con-
centrate on copper loss and preventing saturation. Ferrite
core material saturates “hard,” which means that induc-
tance collapses abruptly when the peak design current is
exceeded. This results in an abrupt increase in inductor
ripple current and consequent output voltage ripple. Do
not allow the core to saturate!
Molypermalloy (from Magnetics, Inc.) is a very good, low
loss core material for toroids, but it is more expensive than
ferrite. A reasonable compromise from the same manu-
facturer is Kool M
µ. Toroids are very space efficient,
especially when you can use several layers of wire. Be-
cause they generally lack a bobbin, mounting is more
difficult. However, designs for surface mount are available
which do not increase the height significantly.
Catch Diode Selection
The catch diode carries load current during the off-time.
The average diode current is therefore dependent on the
P-channel switch duty cycle. At high input voltages the
diode conducts most of the time. As VIN approaches VOUT
the diode conducts only a small fraction of the time. The
most stressful condition for the diode is when the output
is short circuited. Under this condition the diode must
safely handle IPEAK at close to 100% duty cycle. A fast
switching diode must also be used to optimize efficiency.
Schottky diodes are a good choice for low forward drop
and fast switching times. Most LTC1433/LTC1434 circuits
will be well served by either a 1N5818, an MBRS130LT3 or
an MBRM5819 Schottky diode.
CIN and COUT Selection
In continuous mode, the source current of the P-channel
MOSFET is a square wave of duty cycle VOUT/VIN. To
prevent large voltage transients, a low ESR input capacitor
sized for the maximum RMS current must be used. The
maximum RMS capacitor current is given by:
C
required
IN
II
VV
V
V
RMS
MAX
OUT
IN
OUT
IN
()
[]12/
This formula has a maximum at VIN = 2VOUT, where
IRMS = IOUT/2. This simple worst-case condition is com-
monly used for design because even significant deviations
do not offer much relief. Note that capacitor manufacturer’s
ripple current ratings are often based on 2000 hours of life.
This makes it advisable to further derate the capacitor, or
choose a capacitor rated at a higher temperature than
required. Several capacitors may also be paralleled to
meet size or height requirements in the design. Always
consult the manufacturer if there is any question.
The selection of COUT is driven by the required effective
series resistance (ESR). Typically once the ESR require-
ment is satisfied the capacitance is adequate for filtering.
The output ripple (
∆VOUT) is determined by:
∆∆
V
I ESR
fC
OUT
L
OUT
≈+


1
4
where f = operating frequency, COUT = output capacitance
and
∆IL = ripple current in the inductor. The output ripple
is highest at maximum input voltage since
∆IL increases
with input voltage. For the LTC1433/LTC1434, the general
rule for proper operation is:
COUT required ESR < 0.25Ω
Manufacturers such as Nichicon, United Chemicon and
Sanyo should be considered for high performance
through-hole capacitors. The OS-CON semiconductor
dielectric capacitor available from Sanyo has the lowest
ESR/size ratio of any aluminum electrolytic at a some-
what higher price. Once the ESR requirement for COUT
has been met, the RMS current rating generally far
exceeds the IRIPPLE(P-P) requirement.
In surface mount applications multiple capacitors may
have to be paralleled to meet the ESR or RMS current
handling requirements of the application. Aluminum elec-
trolytic and dry tantalum capacitors are both available in
surface mount configurations. In the case of tantalum, it is
critical that the capacitors are surge tested for use in
switching power supplies. An excellent choice is the AVX
TPS series of surface mount tantalums, available in case
heights ranging from 2mm to 4mm. Other capacitor types
include Sanyo OS-CON, Nichicon PL series and Panasonic
SP series. Consult the manufacturer for other specific
recommendations.
APPLICATIONS INFORMATION


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