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TS34118 Datasheet(数据表) 15 Page  Taiwan Semiconductor Company, Ltd 

TS34118 Datasheet(HTML) 15 Page  Taiwan Semiconductor Company, Ltd 
15 page TS34118 1520 2004/09 rev. B Design Equations 2) To provide a reasonable signal level to the TLI2 level detector; and 3)to minimize any gain applied to broadband noise generated within the attenuator. However, to cover the normal voice band, the microphone amplifier’s gain should not exceed 48dB. For the circuit of Figure 10, the gain of the microphone amplifier was set at 35V/V (31dB), and the differential gain of the hybrid amplifiers was set at 10.2V/V (20.1dB). II) Receive Gain The overall receive gain depends on the incoming signal level, and the desired output power at the speaker. Normal receive levels (independent of the peaks) at Tip/Ring can be 35mVrms (27dBm). Although on long lines That level can be down to 8.0mVrms (40dBm).The speaker power is: PSPK = Rs 0.6 10dBm/10 × (Equation 1) Where RS is the speaker impedance, and the dBm term is the incoming signal level increased by the gain of the receive path. Experience has shown that≈30dB gain is a satisfactory amount for the majority of applications. Using the above numbers and Equation 1, it would appear that the resulting power to the speaker is extremely low. However, Equation 1 does not consider the peaks in normal speech, which can be 10 to 15 times the rms value. Considering the peaks, the overall average power approaches 2030mV on long lines, and much more on short lines. Referring to Figure 10, the gain from Tip/Ring to the filter input was measured at 0.833V/V (1.6dB), the filter’s gain is unity, and the receive attenuator’s gain is 2.0V/V (+6.0dB) at maximum volume. The speaker amplifier’s gain is set at 22V/V (26.8dB), which puts the overall gain at ≈31.2dB. III) Loop Gain The total loop gain must add up to less than zero dB to obtain a stable circuit. This can be expressed as: GMA+GTX+GHA+GST+GFO+GRX+GSA+GAC<0 (Equation 2) Using the typical numbers mentioned above, and knowing that GTX+GRX=40dB, the required acoustic coupling can be determined: GAC<[31+20.1+(15)+0+(40)+26.8]=22.9dB (Equation 3) An acoustic loss of at least 23 dB is necessary to prevent instability and oscillations, commonly referred to as “singing.” However, the following equations show that greater acoustic loss is necessary to obtain proper level detection and switching. IV) Switching Threshold To switch comparator C1, currents I1 and I3 need to be determined. Referring to Figure 11, with a receive signal VL applied to Tip/Ring, a current I3 will flow through R3 into RLI2 according to the following equation: I3 = R3 V L ⎥⎦ ⎤ ⎢⎣ ⎡ × × × 2 G G G G SA RX FO HR (Equation 4) Where the terms in the brackets are the V/V gain terms. The speaker amplifier gain is divided by two since GSA is the differential gain of the amplifier, and V3 is obtained from one the side of the output. The current I1, coming from the microphone circuit, is defined by: I1 = R1 G V MA M × (Equation 5) Where VM is the microphone voltage. Since the switching threshold occurs when I1=I3, combining the above two equations yields: VM = VL × R3 R1 [] 2 G G G G G MA SA RX FO HR × × × (Equation 6) 

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